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    SAINT PSY330 MODULE 4 MIDTERM EXAM 2015

    Question

    The area of legal psychology includes child custody evaluations and adult criminal responsibility assessments.

    True

    False

    Question 2. Question :

    Which of the following is NOT an example of an individual intellectual assessment instrument?

    Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale

    Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

    Wide Range Intelligence Test

    All of the above are individually administered tests

    Question 3. Question :

    Broad certification in forensic psychology is a state requirement to practice forensic psychology.

    True

    False

    Question 4. Question :

    Which of the following focuses on the importance of the general acceptance of an expert’s testimony, emphasizing its relevance?

    The Warren Standard

    The Federal Rules of Evidence

    The Frye Test

    The Daubert Rule

    The Kumbo Tire Ruling

    Question 5. Question :

    Competency to stand trial is one of the most common forensic assessments conducted by a forensic psychologist.

    True

    False

    Question 6. Question :

    Given a narrow definition of forensic psychology, which of the following would NOT be considered a part of forensic psychology?

    assessment of competency

    expert testimony on rape trauma syndrome

    expert testimony on eyewitness accuracy

    evaluation for child custody determination

    Question 7. Question :

    Dr. Lisa Kline has a Ph.D. in social psychology. She would most likely work

    in a private practice treating clients

    in a group practice conducting anger management groups

    in a university teaching and conducting research

    in a state agency managing a case load of battered women seeking assistance

    Question 8. Question :

    “Jolly Jake” Cooper was arrested for attempting to widen a county road. At the time of his arrest he reported that he planned to build a “mega mall” and needed more street access. He hoped to complete the mall in a week, though he had no workers or financial resources. He is currently being held in jail. His defense attorney should recommend a

    change of venue

    use of a trial consultant

    competency to stand trial evaluation

    a plea of guilty

    Question 9. Question :

    Which subfield is NOT one of the four applied areas of psychology recognized by the APA?

    clinical

    counseling

    industrial/organizational

    school

    all four are recognized as applied areas

    Question 10. Question :

    The average time of full study from the bachelor’s degree to the doctoral degree is

    4 years

    nearly 7 years

    approximately 2 years

    10 years

    Question 11. Question :

    The major distinction between counseling psychology and clinical psychology is

    focus, clinical psychologists are trained to treat the more severe mental disorders

    training, clinical psychologists receive the Psy.D.

    breadth, clinical psychologists work in a larger variety of settings

    licensure, clinical psychologists must get licensed and counseling psychologists do not

    Question 12. Question :

    Which ruling suggests that a trial judge’s decision can be overturned regarding the admissibility of expert testimony only if there is a clear abuse of discretion?

    Kumbo Tire Co. v. Carmichael (1999)

    Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals (1993)

    General Electric Co. v. Joiner (1997)

    Federal Rules of Evidence (1975)

    Question 13. Question :

    Legal sufficiency is the term used to describe if the information presented by an expert witness is likely to assist the trier of fact.

    True

    False

    Question 14. Question :

    In a trial, the trier of fact is

    the judge

    the expert witness

    the jury

    all of the above

    A and/or C

    Question 15. Question :

    The goal of the APA’s Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings is

    to ensure that only licensed psychologists are involved in child custody decisions

    to mandate the proper procedure for conducting child custody evaluations

    to develop a uniform model and thus enhance quality of child custody evaluations

    to promote proficiency in using psychological expertise in child custody evaluations

    all of the above are goals for the Guidelines

    Question 16. Question :

    The American Psychological Association has established the Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct. Regarding these Principles,

    membership in APA requires adherence to the Principles

    some state laws require adherence to the Principles

    the Principles can conflict with state laws

    all of the above are true

    Question 17. Question :

    The American Psychological Association has established Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings.

    these Guidelines are mandatory for APA members

    these Guidelines are exhaustive in regard to custody evaluations

    these Guidelines are considered aspirational, neither mandatory or exhaustive

    none of the above

    Question 18. Question :

    Research on the influence of the expert witness’s testimony on the jury suggest

    testimony on the ultimate issue does not overwhelm the jury

    the expert’s opinion on the ultimate issue unduly influences the jury’s decision

    the expert’s testimony on the penultimate issue unduly influences the jury’s decision.

    both B and C are

    Question 19. Question :

    Which of the following is NOT one of the points in time when a psychologist may be asked to evaluate a law enforcement officer?

    candidate selection

    annually when working undercover

    upon re-assignment to a new partner

    when being consider for a promotion

    Question 20. Question :

    Which ruling extended the Daubert decision to non-scientific expert witnesses?

    General Electric Co. V. Joiner

    The Frye Test

    Federal Rules of Evidence

    Kumbo Tire Co. Ltd. v. Carmichael

    Question 21. Question :

    The Court ruled that expert testimony should have three critical elements. These three are

    reliability, validity and norms

    relevancy, legal sufficiency, and reliability

    clear and convincing, preponderance, and beyond a reasonable doubt

    falsifiability, a priori, and tenacity

    Question 22. Question :

    Which of the following is NOT one of the four standards of reliability?

    general acceptance in the scientific community

    subjected to peer review

    error rate of the technique

    demonstrated high inter rater reliability (r > .80)

    Question 23. Question :

    Test reliability is also an indication of

    the test measures what it is supposed to measure

    test consistency

    tests can be counted on to be available in the literature

    tests being used in a standardized manner

    Question 24. Question :

    Based on the normal distribution, approximately what percentage of people will score within one standard deviation of the mean on the typical IQ test?

    68%

    95%

    34%

    2%

    Question 25. Question :

    Using the SAT to predict college performance is an example of

    predictive validity

    construct validity

    content validity

    criterion-related validity

    Question 26. Question :

    Which correlation coefficient is strongest?

    -.7

    -.4

    .6

    0.1

    Question 27. Question :

    Two teachers are asked to rate a child on a behavioral problem checklist. We would want to know what the ____________ of the checklist is.

    test-retest

    internal consistency

    inter-rate reliability

    parallel forms reliability

    Question 28. Question :

    Several differences between a clinical assessment and a forensic assessment are presented in the text. Which of the following is NOT one of the differences?

    temporal focus of the assessment

    motivation of the examinee

    qualifications of the examiner

    all of the above were identified as differences

    Question 29. Question :

    Face validity, not actually a measurement concept, refers to the degree to which an instrument appears to measure what it purports to measure.

    True

    False

    Question 30. Question :

    When a test is used for assessment at time 1 and again at time 2, it is necessary to develop what form of reliability?

    test-retest

    internal consistency

    inter-rate reliability

    parallel forms reliability

    Question 31. Question :

    A measure of Axis II categories, or personality disorders, is the

    MMPI-A

    MCMI

    16 PF

    Wechsler Memory Scale

    Question 32. Question :

    A test can be

    reliable but not valid

    valid but not reliable

    if it is not valid, it cannot be reliable

    if it is reliable, then it must be valid

    Question 33. Question :

    Which of the following is NOT an area of forensic assessment?

    selection of law enforcement officers

    competency to stand trial evaluation

    evaluation of a 5th grade child for a learning disability

    assessment of an elderly adult for civil commitment

    Question 34. Question :

    Which of the following is NOT an example of an affirmative defense

    the insanity plea

    self-defense

    the battered-woman syndrome

    all of the above are examples of an affirmative defense

    Question 35. Question :

    It is generally not necessary to obtain an informed consent for a court-ordered criminal responsibility evaluation.

    True

    False

    Question 36. Question :

    The ruling that defendants may only be held for a reasonable amount of time if they can be brought to competence was

    Dusky v. United States, 1960

    Jackson v. Indiana, 1972

    Godinez v. Moran, 1993

    Insanity Defense Reform Act, 1984

    Question 37. Question :

    Mens rea refers to

    a guilty mind

    guilt beyond a reasonable doubt

    being guilty but mentally ill

    use of an affirmative defense

    Question 38. Question :

    The ruling that the same standard of competency applies to all forms of competency (i.e. competency to stand trial, competency to waive counsel, etc.) was

    Dusky v. United States, 1960

    Jackson v. Indiana, 1972

    Godinez v. Moran, 1993

    Insanity Defense Reform Act, 1984

    Question 39. Question :

    Which of the following is NOT generally an example of forensic assessment in a civil case?

    child custody evaluations

    workmen’s compensation

    personal injury evaluations

    assessment of allegations of child sexual abuse

    Question 40. Question :

    The Insanity Defense Reform Act was the result of what historical event?

    The assassination of President Kennedy

    The assassination attempt of President Clinton

    The assassination attempt of President Reagan

    None of the above

    Question 41. Question :

    Who is responsible for making the ultimate decision regarding a defendant’s competency to stand trial?

    the jury

    the forensic psychologist or psychiatrist

    the judge

    the prosecution

    Question 42. Question :

    Approximately what percentage of cases is successful using the insanity defense?

    75%

    less than 3%

    25%

    38%

    Question 43. Question :

    MSO refers to

    the defendant’s mental state during the evaluation

    the defendant’s mental state at the time of the offense

    the prosecution’s claim of the defendant’s mental state at the time of the offense

    “modus stasis operandi’ or the behavior of the defendant at the time of the offense

    Question 44. Question :

    The Insanity Defense Reform Act

    prohibits expert witnesses from testifying on the ultimate issue

    requires expert witnesses to testify regarding the ultimate issue

    allows judges to determine the ultimate issue

    prohibits defendants from testifying regarding the ultimate issue

    Question 45. Question :

    Which of the following is NOT one of the differences discussed in the text between clinical and forensic assessment?

    motivation of the examinee

    therapist-client privilege

    written report

    professional fees

    Question 46. Question :

    According to the federal Rules of Evidence, can mental health experts testify regarding the ultimate issue in competency to stand trial evaluations?

    no, they may only address penultimate issues

    yes, are required in their testimony and reports to address the ultimate issue

    yes, they can address the ultimate issue if they wish to

    only if subpoenaed by the court to do so

    Question 47. Question :

    The Stockholm syndrome refers to the role psychologists play in critical-incident debriefing.

    True

    False

    Question 48. Question :

    The results of pre-employment screening would indicate that the candidate

    is unfit to serve

    is suitable, marginally unsuitable or unsuitable

    should either be hired or not hired

    has psychiatric diagnosis or not

    Question 49. Question :

    Guidelines developed and adopted by the International Association of Chiefs of Police regarding pre-employment psychological testing include all of the following EXCEPT

    objective psychological tests should be used

    projective tests should not be used

    research should exist to justify an instrument’s use in pre-employment screening

    all of the above are included in the Guidelines

    Question 50. Question :

    A FFDE can result in all of the following EXCEPT

    fit for duty

    permanently unfit for duty with mandatory treatment

    temporarily unfit for duty with mandatory treatment

    fit for duty with mandatory treatment

    all of the above are possible

    Question 51. Question :

    Which of the following is NOT an example of an affirmative defense?

    insanity plea

    extreme emotional duress

    voluntary intoxication

    self-defense

    Question 52. Question :

    Which of the following is an example of health and wellness counseling provided by a police psychologist?

    stress management

    smoking cessation

    relaxation training

    all of the above

    Question 53. Question :

    The majority of pre-employment selection instruments for law enforcement have demonstrated both concurrent and predictive validity.

    True

    False

    Question 54. Question :

    Police psychologists have trained peer counselors to work with law enforcement personnel. What is NOT one of the advantages presented in the text to using peer counselors?

    police feel a closer bond to other police officers

    individuals tend to seek help sooner

    there are fewer ethical problems with confidentiality issues

    peer counselors can refer difficult cases to the psychologist

    Question 55. Question :

    The courts have ruled that a police officer ordered to undergo a fitness-for-duty-evaluation may have legal counsel or a representative from the union present during the evaluation.

    True

    False

    Question 56. Question :

    Dr. Weston works as a police psychologist in a large urban area. He is asked to complete a Fitness for Duty Evaluation on a 10 year veteran. He should

    inform the veteran he can not provide any of the results of the evaluation

    ask the veteran if he wishes to have union representative present during the evaluation

    inform the referring agency that the results will be provided to the veteran, the union and his legal counsel

    B and C

    Question 57. Question :

    Recent surveys on job satisfaction among police psychologists indicate

    a great deal of turnover due to low salaries

    a great deal of turnover due to non-acceptance by the rank-and-file police officers

    very high levels of job satisfaction

    no surveys on job satisfaction were discussed in the text

    Question 58. Question :

    Which of the following criteria is NOT part of the admissibility of expert testimony according to the Daubert decision?

    the principles and methodology underlying the testimony can be tested

    the principles and methodology underlying the testimony has been published

    the principles and methodology underlying the testimony is available as a commercial product and can be purchased and utilized by other professionals

    all of the above are part of Daubert

    none of the above, Daubert extended the Frye Test

    Question 59. Question :

    What is NOT one of the reasons presented in the text for deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill?

    lack of federal funds to build larger state psychiatric hospitals

    initiation of psychotropic medications to help control major symptoms of severe mental illness

    community mental heath movement of the 1960’s

    all of the above were presented as reasons for deinstitutionalization

    Question 60. Question :

    The goal of incapacitation for incarcerating offenders means

    the criminal justice system is frequently incapacitated in preventing recidivism

    the offender in physically incapacitated from re-offending due to his phsical confinement

    the threat of incarceration incapacitates potential offenders

    a persona receives punishment equal to the crime

    Question 61. Question :

    Murder and rape are two crimes with very high recidivism rates.

    True

    False

    Question 62. Question :

    The U. S. Supreme Court case of Ford v. Wainwright (1986) ruled

    that it is unconstitutional to execute a mentally ill individual who does not appreciate what was happening

    that prison inmates have a constitutional right to receive medical treatment

    that an administrative hearing is sufficient to administer psychoactive drugs to an inmate against their will

    that prison authorities can withdraw privileges if an inmate refuses to participate in psychological treatment

    Question 63. Question :

    An example of restorative justice discussed in the text is a program that provides treatment for the youthful offender, family, and system. This program is named

    Families Against Criminal Treatment (FACT)

    The Multisystemic Therapy

    Right Back to the Community

    Holistic Community Treatment

    Question 64. Question :

    Which crime has the highest rate of recidivism?

    murder

    rape

    grand theft auto

    kidnapping

    Question 65. Question :

    In what settings can the criminal justice system impose forced psychological treatment?

    on an inpatient setting to achieve competency to stand trial

    on an inpatient setting after an administrative hearing

    on an outpatient setting as part of probation or parole

    the criminal justice system cannot force psychological treatment, patient’s rights include the right to refuse treatment

    A, B and C are

    Question 66. Question :

    Regarding privileged communication between an inmate and his therapist: what can a therapist legally disclose to the authorities?

    plans to commit a crime while in prison

    disclosure of child abuse

    possession of contraband

    all of the above

    Question 67. Question :

    The Department of Justice estimates ________ of incarcerated inmates are mentally ill.

    less than 5%

    nearly 85%

    15% to 20%

    the Department of Justice refuses to release this information stating that it violates the privacy rights of inmates

    Question 68. Question :

    Specific deterrence is the belief that the broad threat of punishment for all individuals keeps most people on the good side of the law.

    True

    False

    Question 69. Question :

    The U. S. Supreme Court case of Washington v. Harper (1990) ruled

    that it is unconstitutional to execute a mentally ill individual who does not appreciate what was happening

    that prison inmates have a constitutional right to receive medical treatment

    that an administrative hearing is sufficient to administer psychoactive drugs to an inmate against their will

    that prison authorities can withdraw privileges if an inmate refuses to participate in psychological treatment

    Question 70. Question :

    Which Supreme Court case ruled that a prison can use the less stringent administrative hearing as opposed to a judicial hearing to rule on the administration of psychoactive medications against an inmate’s will.

    McKune v. Lile (2002)

    Washington v. Harper (1990)

    Estelle v. Gamble (1976)

    Ford v. Wainwright (1986)

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